Physicians keep their certification active by maintaining the following competencies which form the foundation of the ABMS Programs for Maintenance of Certification (ABMS MOC®). The ABMS Program for MOC activities are the ways which physicians demonstrate their ability to provide high-quality care for the diagnosis and treatment of disease, promotion of health and prevention of disease, and the physical and emotional support of patients and families. The competencies were first adopted in 1999 by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and ABMS.
- Practice-based Learning and Improvement: Show an ability to investigate and evaluate patient care practices, appraise and assimilate scientific evidence, and improve the practice of medicine.
- Patient Care and Procedural Skills: Provide care that is compassionate, appropriate, and effective treatment for health problems and to promote health.
- Systems-based Practice: Demonstrate awareness of and responsibility to the larger context and systems of health care. Be able to call on system resources to provide optimal care (e.g. coordinating care across sites or serving as the primary case manager when care involves multiple specialties, professions or sites).
- Medical Knowledge: Demonstrate knowledge about established and evolving biomedical, clinical, and cognate sciences and their application in patient care.
- Interpersonal and Communication Skills: Demonstrate skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their families and professional associates (e.g. fostering a therapeutic relationship that is ethically sound, uses effective listening skills with non-verbal and verbal communication; working as both a team member and at times as a leader).
- Professionalism: Demonstrate a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles and sensitivity to diverse patient populations.